TEACHING METHODS ; _ 83 at the back and was evidently filled with the greatest curiosity. I watched him from a distance with much interest; he drew close up to the group, pushed them aside with his tiny baby hands, realized that he had not the strength to make room for himself, and then stopped and looked round. Most interesting was the picture of thought shown on that small childish face; if I had had a camera I would have captured that expression. He spied an armchair, and evidently thought of carrying it to a place behind the group of boys and mounting it He turned a countenance beaming with hope on the armchair. But at that moment the teacher took him up brutally (or perhaps kindly, according to her thought) in her arms and let him see the basin over the heads of his companions, saying—" Come, dear, come poor little fellow, you shall see too." Certainly the baby, on seeing the toys floating about, did not experience the joy which was^about to be his from overcoming an obstacle by his own efforts, and seeing these objects brought him no advantage, whilst his own intelligent effort would liave developed his mental powers. The teacher hindered the child from educating himself, without giving him any compensating benefit. He was on the eve of feeling himself to be a conqueror, and instead of that he found himself borne aloft in two arms as if he were impotent. From his face there faded out that expres^ sion of joy, of anxiety, of hope which had interested me so much, and there remained only the stupid expression of the child who Tcnows how others will act for him. When mistresses grew tired of my making observations they began to let the children do whatever they wanted to do. I saw some with their feet on the table and with their fingers in their noses without the mistress interfering to correct them. I saw others pushing their companions about, looking very truculent, without the mistress taking the slightest notice. Then I had to interfere, trying patiently to point out how essential it was to be absolutely rigorous in preventing and by degrees eradicating all actions which should not be practised, with a view to the child's learning the exact difference between right and wrong.